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If a Dutch court issues a sentence or custodial measure, the Ministry of Security and Justice is responsible for the enforcement of that sentence or measure. This duty has been delegated to the Custodial Institutions Agency (Dienst Justitiële Inrichtingen, hereinafter DJI). DJI’s most important task is realising the detention of convicted individuals in order to ensure that justice is served in order to ensure a safer society. In addition, DJI is responsible for the day-to-day care of the detainees and their rehabilitation.
With 38 locations across the country and about 13,500 employees, DJI is one of the biggest employers in the Netherlands. Every year, approximately 37,500 new detainees are admitted. DJI has different types of institutions for various categories of inmates and patients. There are remand centres and prisons for adults. Furthermore, there are correctional institutions for juvenile offenders and forensic psychiatric centres for convicted adults who require psychiatric care. Detention centres are used for foreign nationals living illegally in the Netherlands, individuals who have been refused entry at the border and drugs couriers.
The organisation DJI consists of a head office, three divisions and a number of national services, such as:

- Transport and Support Service (DV&O): is responsible for the transport of detainees and persons under arrest, for example to and from the courts, and the transport of goods and penal records for the entire justice system. In addition, it also provides support for the national special assistance team, the internal special assistance team, complex security and supports people under police arrest.
- Spiritual Care Service (DGV): 160 spiritual counsellors provide spiritual care to the inmates, patients and other detainees within the various institutions. DGV covers seven religions and spiritual movements.
- The Netherlands Institute of Forensic Psychiatry and Psychology (NIFP): the institute for forensic psychiatry and psychology. The most important activities of NIFP include the provision of opinions and recommendations to the judiciary, mediation, testing, observation and training.
DJI contributes to a safer society by implementing custodial measures and prison sentences and by giving the people in its care the opportunity to build up a socially acceptable life.